National Neighborhood Watch

A Division of the National Sheriffs' Association

Crime prevention through neighborhood cohesiveness and collaboration.


Tree Cities and What Your Group Can Do?

Tree City, USA

What do Calvin , N.D. (population 15) and Los Angeles (population 3.9 million) have in common?

Elected leaders of both places realize the importance trees have in their communities, which are vastly different in terms of size, climate and location. Because of their commitment to take care of community trees, the communities of Calvin and Los Angeles have earned Tree City USA distinction from the Arbor Day Foundation in cooperation with the U.S. Forest Service and the National Association of State Foresters.

Currently, there are more than 3,200 Tree City USA communities in the United States.

“There are no better ways to show your civic pride by taking care of community trees,” said John Rosenow, chief executive of the Arbor Day Foundation. “Today, more than 120 million Americans make their home in Tree City USA communities, and they benefit from the cleaner air, shadier streets, and aesthetic beauty that healthy, well-managed urban forests provide.”

To become a Tree City USA , a community must have:

  • A tree board or department.
  • A tree care ordinance.
  • A community forestry program with an annual budget of at least $2 per capita.
  • An Arbor Day observation and proclamation.

Keep in mind that the standards were designed so that no community would be excluded because of its size.

So every community, regardless of how many people live there, benefits in different ways from being a Tree City USA community.

Meeting the four standards for becoming a Tree City USA provides initial direction for an urban or community forestry program. These standards, the first step in the process of becoming a Tree City USA , help a community get started toward annual, systematic management of its tree resources.

As community leaders begin the process of meeting the four standards, they start to make contact with their state's forester's staff. This leads to assistance from a variety of professionals in the form of technical advice, literature and films about tree-related topics.

Another important benefit that the Tree City USA program adds to communities is a boost in public perception. Being a Tree City USA helps present the kind of image that most citizens want to have for the place they live or work.

Many Tree City USA communities post signs at heavily traveled entrances proudly announcing this recognition. These signs tell residents and visitors alike that the community cares about the environment and its community trees. Tree City USA also signals to guests that community leaders care about the quality of life.

“It's a matter of civic pride,” said Michael Bowman, a retired urban forester in Lewiston , Idaho . “People generally love trees and when their community earns the Tree City USA distinction, it is a sign that their elected officials and city employees recognize this and take care of those trees.”

Gaining and retaining Tree City USA recognition is an award to the foresters, arborists, managers, volunteers, tree board members and others who work to improve the care of a community's trees. Non-involved citizens often share in the sense of pride that comes with being a Tree City USA community, often leading to better care of trees on private property or a willingness to volunteer in tree-planting endeavors or other conservation measures in the future.

Preference is sometimes given to Tree City USA communities over other cities or towns when allocations of grant money are made for trees or forestry programs. Inevitably, when grants are offered through state or federal agencies, there are more requests made than there are funds available. If requests are equally worthy, some officials tend to have more confidence in communities that have demonstrated the foresight of becoming a Tree City USA .

There are other financial benefits as well. In one large east coast city, it has been estimated that on average, each tree provides more than $200 of practical values every year. This far exceeds the cost of maintaining the community trees, and it has the added benefit of adding beauty to an otherwise harsh environment.

Trees earn their keep by:

  • Reducing airborne dust particles and greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Lowering energy consumption and the need for more power-generating facilities.
  • Capturing storm water runoff and keeping rivers and lakes cleaner.
  • Cooling parking lots and extending the life of pavement surfaces.
  • Helping to prevent conditions that can lead to skin cancer.
  • Boosting business in commercial areas.

This year, 55 communities received a Tree City USA award for the first time for their dedication to the protection and expansion of their green infrastructure. One of the newcomers, Lancaster , Texas , had a good reason for becoming a Tree City USA .

“We have a large number of mature trees in our city, and it is very important that we take care of this natural resource,” said Opal Mauldin-Robertson, assistant city manager said.

One measure taken by Lancaster was to enact a tree preservation ordinance that requires developers to receive approval before any tree can be removed.

Neighborhood groups, such as Neighborhood Watch, volunteers, civic organizations, and even concerned citizens can help a community move toward Tree City USA status.

A group of citizens in Purcellville , Va. , was instrumental in working with the city council and the mayor's office to get a tree commission created. “Our town is very happy about earning a Tree City USA distinction,” said Patrick Childs, assistant town manager in Purcellville. “We established a Trees and Beautification Commission in 2004 and one of its top priorities was to qualify for Tree City USA .”

Tree City USA is a combined effort, from concerned citizens, volunteers, visionary mayors, elected officials and urban foresters, that works to benefit communities with a qualified tree-care plan.

In fact, the goal of Tree City USA is to encourage the continuous, systematic planting and care of trees in our nation's cities, military bases, and urbanizing counties.

Regardless of a community's size, Tree City USA can be the impetus for the planting and care of trees that make our communities more pleasant places to live, work and play.

15 Reasons to Become a Tree City

Encourages better care of community forests.

  1. Touches the lives of people within the community who benefit daily from cleaner air, shadier streets, and aesthetic beauty that healthy, well-managed urban forests provide.
  2. Recognizes and rewards communities for annual advancements in urban forestry practices.
  3. Increases public awareness of the many social, economical and environmental benefits urban forestry practices.
  4. Provides education to improve current urban forestry practices.
  5. Builds cooperation between public and private sectors to effectively manage urban forests.
  6. Encourages, supports, and strengthens effective urban forestry programs in diverse communities nationwide.
  7. Can make a strong contribution to a community's pride.
  8. Serves as a blueprint for planting and maintaining a community's trees.
  9. Puts people in touch with other communities and resources that can help them improve their program.
  10. Brings solid benefits to a community such as helping to gain financial support for tree projects and contributing to safer and healthier urban forests.
  11. Helps present the kind of image that most citizens want to have for the place they live or conduct business.
  12. Tells visitors, through signage, that here is a community that cares about its environment.
  13. Sometimes gives preference over other communities when allocations of grant money are made for trees or forestry programs.
  14. Provides a way to reach large numbers of people with information about tree care.

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